Conference Proceedings and Papers

Proceedings of all the major conference have been published amounting to thousands of pages of materials which provide a history of the development of research and policy over the past five decades in alcohol, drugs and traffic safety. After many years of work and effort by both current and previous ICADTS Executive Board members, the Council is delighted to make available all available conference papers in electronic form.

 

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Recent Papers
Category
21st_T2016_Gramado
Paper Title
Alcohol and drugs in general road traffic and crashes
Author/s
A.S.Christophersen, J. M°rland, K. Stewart and H. Gjerde
Year Published
2016
Keywords
Description / summary
Background: Road traffic crashes (RTCs) kill about 1.25 million people and injure up to 50 million every year worldwide. More than 80 percent of the deaths occur in low and middle income countries (LMIC). The number of fatalities has increased in LMIC while they have decreased in high income countries (HIC) during recent years.
Category
21st_T2016_Gramado
Paper Title
Alcohol involvement in fatally injured drivers in the United Sates 1982 - 2014.
Author/s
Eduardo Romano and James C. Fell
Year Published
2016
Keywords
Description / summary
Since 1982, the United States has been tracking the blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) of drivers fatally injured in traffic crashes. Aim: Using the U.S. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and five National Roadside Surveys of U.S. drivers, we (a) examined the 0and (b) examined the trends of alcohol and other drugs in drivers on U.S. roads ontrends from 1982 to 2014 for BACs in fatally injured drivers week-end nights.
Category
21st_T2016_Gramado
Paper Title
An evaluation of Nova Scotias Alcohol Ignition Interlock Program
Author/s
Ward G.M. Vanlaar, Marisela Mainegra Hing, Robyn D. Robertson
Year Published
2016
Keywords
Ignition Interlock, drinking driving, program evaluation.
Description / summary
In 2008 Nova Scotia implemented an Alcohol Ignition Interlock Program (AIIP). This study evaluated this program. Different types of data were used including conviction and crash records of individual participants; provincial monthly counts of charges, convictions and crashes; and, interlock logged events. The data were analyzed using several methods including descriptive statistics, survival analysis and time series analysis. With respect to specific deterrence (i.e., preventing recidivism) there was a 90% reduction in recidivism among the experimental group since participation in the program and a 79% reduction after participants in this group exited from the program. With respect to general deterrence (i.e., referring to a preventative effect on the entire population of drivers in Nova Scotia) there was a temporary decrease in the number of alcohol-related charges (13.32%) and
Category
21st_T2016_Gramado
Paper Title
Assessment of national Motor Traffic and Transport Directorate (MTTD) on road safety capacity and enforcement
Author/s
Labram Massawudu Musah
Year Published
2016
Keywords
Description / summary
The MTTD an agency under the Ghana Police Service (GPS) is legally mandated to tackle road traffic issues in Ghana, however there are gaps with respect to capacity which is hampering effective enforcement of road traffic laws.
Category
21st_T2016_Gramado
Paper Title
Breathalyzer Test - results and refusals to take the test of drivers intercepted in Rio de Janiero
Author/s
Rafael Tavares Jomar, Dandara De Oliveira Ramos, ┬ngela Maria Mendes Abreu
Year Published
2016
Keywords
Alcoholic beverage consumption consumption, Traffic accidents,Toxicity tests, Public policies, Law enforcement
Description / summary
This working paper involved a cross-sectional study that evaluated the results and refusals to take the breathalyzer test among drivers intercepted by the Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Spot-Check Campaign in the capital of Rio de Janeiro and Baixada Fluminense. It was conducted using data provided by the State Government which were collected from drivers intercepted in the months of December 2013 and January 2014. Descriptive analysis was conducted of the sample and of the association between gender, age and location variables with the result of the breathalyzer test and refusal to take the test using a logistic regression model. Of the 4756 (100%) drivers intercepted, 59 (1.2%) failed the breathalyzer test and 229 (4.8%) refused to take it. Only the location of interception variable was statistically significant with greater chances of failing (OR=4.01) and refusal to take the test (OR=5.14) among drivers intercepted in the Baixada Fluminense. Systematic monitoring actions taken by the DUI Spot-Check Campaign that have occurred for longer in the capital appear to have a positive impact on the drinking and driving behavior of drivers.